Are you looking for a loyal, companionable dog? If so, the Border Terrier could be just what you’re looking for! This small-sized breed has endeared itself to many throughout its long history.
Once used as an adept ratter on farms and other rural dwellings in England, the Breed Standard has evolved over time to make it one of our most beloved family pets.
In this blog post, let’s take an in-depth look at how these intelligent dogs have changed and adapted since their creation more than two hundred years ago.
What is the history of the Border Terrier?
The Border Terrier, a loyal and courageous breed hailing from Northumberland along the English and Scottish borders, has a fascinating history. Records of their ancestor, the Border Fox Terrier, date all the way back to at least the 1700s when it was bred as an efficient fox hunter by farmers in that region.
By Victorian times, many changes had been made to refine the breed, particularly focused on its physique and coloring. To this day they are often used for fox hunting due to their widely recognized talent for ferreting out small animals such as rabbits and moles.
But whether working or in a loving home companion’s care, these feisty terriers remain deeply devoted to their handlers with their famously loyal temperaments – a trait that remains unchanged from centuries past.
How did terriers evolve?
Terriers originate from Europe and Western Asia, but their exact genealogy remains unknown as many of the early terrier breeds have been lost in history. Many believe that they evolved from a combination of breeds such as the Bulldog, the French Bulldog, and the Old English White Terrier.
Their history dates back to medieval times when noblemen used them for fox hunting and other forms of vermin control on large estates. Over time, these agile canines have adapted with purpose-bred coats and attitudes suited for tasks like working in tight spaces or exterminating pests.
Although originally bred for practical reasons, today’s companion terriers are now their favorite household pets.
Where does Border Terrier originate from?
Border Terriers originate from the borderlands between Scotland and England, which explains their unique name. These terriers have a long history of being used as hunting dogs for foxes, badgers, and rabbits. They were greatly popularised by Admiral Jack (John) Roxburghe, a Scottish aristocrat in the 19th century who adopted the breed to help him on his hunting trips.
To this day, veterinary experts refer to the original strain of these terriers as ‘Roxburghe’s Breed’ or ‘Worchester stock.’ It is believed that they are a combination of Bedlington Terrier, Lakeland Terrier, Dandie Dinmont, Old English White Terrier, and Bull Terrier breeds.
This explains their strong bodies and quick reflexes – the perfect qualities required by a hunting dog!
What is the description of a Border Terrier?
The Border Terrier is a small and brave breed of dog that originated in the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. They display natural agility, making them ideal for ratting, fox control, badger hunting, and tracking. They have been recognized by the American Kennel Club since 1930.
These terriers have tough double coats – wiry on top and soft underneath – that come in colors such as grizzle and tan, blue and tan, wheaten, or red. Their size usually ranges from 11-16 inches tall at the shoulder, though they appear larger due to their thick fur coat.
They also possess strong jaws with tight lips that allow them to keep hold of their prey while they hunt. Loyal and affectionate pets, Border Terriers are energetic yet obedient companions that require minimal grooming compared to other terrier breeds.
Why is it called a Border Terrier?
The Border Terrier, a small but tenacious breed of dog originally from England, is aptly named for the border counties of Northumberland and Durham where it was developed. Collectively known as “the Borders,” this region is renowned for its strict agricultural requirements, leading to the selection of hardy working dogs to guard livestock while also being skilled at controlling foxes.
Thus, these terriers evolved into hardy, low-to-the-ground dogs with powerful necks and shoulders, an ideal combination for racing over rough terrain on fox hunts. Indeed, their athleticism and agility have made them popular choices for agility activities in modern times.
From their long lineage of border country terriers, we get the beloved companion breed referred to as the Border Terrier.
It’s A Wrap
The Border Terrier is a unique breed of dog that has been around for centuries, yet has still managed to stay true to its original breed standard. They have been bred for their abilities as working dogs and are legendary companions, loyal to the end.
It is clear the breed has evolved over time, but even with all these changes, the Border Terrier remains one of the oldest terriers in existence and its strong heritage molded it into an extraordinary canine. Whether you’re looking for an athletic athlete or a loving companion, they can make a great addition to any family or home.
With superior intelligence and affectionate nature, the Border Terrier is sure to be an amazing companion and if you’re looking for a furry friend that offers lively conversation and companionship, look no further than this special breed.